The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) published the value chain for the hydrogen industry, according to the OAPEC study “Hydrogen production and its role in the energy transition process” March 2021. The following is the value chain for the hydrogen industry, which includes the following. .
The production stage, which includes…
1ا–For the electrolysis of water from fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, liquefied petroleum gas ).
2- The stage of storage and transportation, which includes
3- Storage of compressed / liquefied hydrogen, transport pipelines, trailers, tankers.
4- End-use stage and includes
5- The electricity sector, the heat generation sector, the transportation sector, and the industrial sector.
The OAPEC study had confirmed, It is expected that hydrogen will have a promising future in the energy transition process in several economic sectors, Which allows to reduce dependence on fossil fuel sources due to the possibility of using it as a direct source of fuel, or a carrier of energy and its use via fuel cell applications, or as a raw material in industry such as the manufacture of fertilizers, chemicals and refining, Or to save heat in energy-intensive industries such as steelmaking.
The study indicated, it recently, Several countries have shown interest in hydrogen and the role it can contribute to the energy transition process. Some of them have initiated the preparation and development of road maps and strategies to determine the path that can be taken to reach a hydrogen economy at the national level, Some of them have initiated the preparation and development of road maps and strategies to determine the path that can be taken to reach a hydrogen economy at the national level,